Internal Medicine


Department of Pulmonology & Critical CarePublications

  1. Nyamande K, Lalloo UG. Serum procalcitonin distinguishes CAP due to bacteria, Mycobacterium tuberculosis and PJP. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 May;10(5):510-5.
  2. Lalloo UG, McIvor RA. Management of chronic asthma in adults in diverse regions of the world. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2006 May;10(5):474-83.
  3. Lalloo UG, Naidoo R, Ambaram A. Recent advances in the medical and surgical treatment of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2006 May;12(3):179-85.
  4. McNally LM, Jeena PM, Lalloo U, Nyamande K, Gajee K, Sturm AW, Goldblatt D, Tomkins AM, Coovadia HM. Probable mother to infant transmission of Pneumocystis jiroveci from an HIV-infected woman to her HIV-uninfected infant. AIDS. 2005 Sep 23;19(14):1548-9.
  5. Lalloo UG, Amod FC. HIV-associated tuberculosis and cryptococcosis in resource-limited settings. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2005 Aug;2(3):116-21. Review.
  6. Nyamande K, Lalloo UG, York D, Naidoo M, Irusen EM, Chetty R. Low sensitivity of a nested polymerase chain reaction in oropharyngeal washings for the diagnosis of pneumocystis pneumonia in HIV-infected patients. Chest. 2005 Jul;128(1):167-71.
  7. Robertson K, Kopnisky K, Mielke J, Appiah K, Hall C, Price R, Kumwenda J, Kanyama C, Amod F, Marra C, Taylor T, Lalloo U, Jelsma J, Holding P, Boivin M, Birbeck G, Nakasujja N, Sanne I, Parsons TD, Parente A, Tucker K; Assessment of NeuroAIDS in Africa Conference Participants. Assessment of neuroAIDS in Africa. J Neurovirol. 2005;11 Suppl 1:7-16. Review.
  8. Naidoo RN, Robins TG, Seixas N, Lalloo UG, Becklake M. Differential respirable dust related lung function effects between current and former South African coal miners. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2005 May;78(4):293-302. Epub 2005 Mar 23.
  9. Mosam A, Cassol E, Page T, Bodasing U, Cassol S, Dawood H, Friedland GH, Scadden DT, Aboobaker J, Jordaan JP, Lalloo UG, Esterhuizen TM, Coovadia HM. Generic antiretroviral efficacy in AIDS-associated Kaposi’s sarcoma in sub-Saharan Africa. AIDS. 2005 Mar 4;19(4):441-3.
  10. 10. Cassol E, Page T, Mosam A, Friedland G, Jack C, Lalloo U, Kopetka J, Patterson B, Esterhuizen T, Coovadia HM. Therapeutic response of HIV-1 subtype C in African patients coinfected with either Mycobacterium tuberculosis or human herpesvirus-8. J Infect Dis. 2005 Feb 1;191(3):324-32. Epub 2004 Dec 22.
  11. Dheda K, Lalloo UG, Cassim B, Mody GM. Experience with azathioprine in systemic sclerosis associated with interstitial lung disease. Clin Rheumatol. 2004 Aug;23(4):306-9. Epub 2004 Apr 14.
  12. Jack C, Lalloo U, Karim QA, Karim SA, El-Sadr W, Cassol S, Friedland G. A Pilot Study of Once-Daily Antiretroviral Therapy Integrated With Tuberculosis Directly Observed Therapy in a Resource-Limited Setting. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2004 Aug 1;36(4):929-934.
  13. Ferris DC, Dawood H, Magula NP, Lalloo UG. Application of an algorithm to predict CD4 lymphocyte count below 200 cells/mm(3) in HIV-infected patients in South Africa. AIDS. 2004 Jul 2;18(10):1481-2.
  14. Friedland G, Abdool Karim S, Abdool Karim Q, Lalloo U, Jack C, Gandhi N, El Sadr W. Utility of tuberculosis directly observed therapy programs as sites for access to and provision of antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited countries. Clin Infect Dis. 2004 Jun 1;38 Suppl 5:S421-8.
  15. Abdool-Karim SS, Abdool-Karim Q, Friedland G, Lalloo U, El-Sadr WM; START project. Implementing antiretroviral therapy in resource-constrained settings: opportunities and challenges in integrating HIV and tuberculosis care. AIDS. 2004 Apr 30;18(7):975-9. Review.
  16. Van Leth F, Phanuphak P, Ruxrungtham K, Baraldi E, Miller S, Gazzard B, Cahn P, Lalloo UG, van der Westhuizen IP, Malan DR, Johnson MA, Santos BR, Mulcahy F, Wood R, Levi GC, Reboredo G, Squires K, Cassetti I, Petit D, Raffi F, Katlama C, Murphy RL, Horban A, Dam JP, Hassink E, van Leeuwen R, Robinson P, Wit FW, Lange JM; 2NN Study team. Comparison of first-line antiretroviral therapy with regimens including nevirapine, efavirenz, or both drugs, plus stavudine and lamivudine: a randomised open-label trial, the 2NN Study. Lancet. 2004 Apr 17;363(9417):1253-63.
  17. Pawinski RA, Berkman A, McNally LM, Lalloo UG. Launching the ARV roll-out debate into the public arena. S Afr Med J. 2003 Sep;93(9):660-1.
  18. Dawood H, Jack C, Lalloo UG, John MA, Naicker V. Massive hepatomegaly due to visceral leishmaniasis. S Afr Med J. 2003 Jun;93(6):441-2.
  19. Lalloo UG, Malolepszy J, Kozma D, Krofta K, Ankerst J, Johansen B, Thomson NC. Budesonide and formoterol in a single inhaler improves asthma control compared with increasing the dose of corticosteroid in adults with mild-to-moderate asthma. Chest. 2003 May;123(5):1480-7.
  20. Lalloo UG. The cough reflex and the "healthy smoker". Chest. 2003 Mar;123(3):660-2.
  21. 21. Pawinski R, Bobat R, Friedland G, Jeena P, Lalloo U. Antiretroviral treatment and research in resource-poor countries. Lancet. 2003 Feb 1;361(9355):435.
  22. Gruskin S, Ayres JR, Khamranksi B, Lalloo U, Marlink R. GAVI, the first steps: lessons for the Global Fund. Lancet. 2002 Jul 13;360(9327):176.
  23. Pawinski R, Lalloo U, Jinabhai C, Bobat R. Community-based approach to HIV treatment. Lancet. 2002 Feb 16;359(9306):624.
  24. Lalloo U. Symbicort: controlling asthma in adults. Respir Med. 2002 Feb;96 Suppl A:S16-22. Review.
  25. Sofia Gruskin, José Ricardo Ayres, Bandon Khamranski, Umesh Lalloo, Richard Marlink. Global Fund to fight AIDS. The Lancet, Vol 360, July 13, 2002
  26. Esterhuizen TM, Hnizdo E, Rees D, Lalloo UG, Kielkowski D, van Schalkwyk EM, White N, Smith FC, Hoggins B, Curtis T. Occupational respiratory diseases in South Africa–results from SORDSA, 1997-1999. S Afr Med J. 2001 Jun;91(6):502-8.
  27. Esterhuizen TM, Hnizdo E, Rees D, Rees D, Lalloo UG. Setting the scene for SORDSA–the importance of occupational respiratory disease surveillance in South Africa. S Afr Med J. 2001 Jun;91(6):498-9.
  28. Hnizdo E, Esterhuizen TM, Rees D, Lalloo UG. Occupational asthma as identified by the Surveillance of Work-related and Occupational Respiratory Diseases programme in South Africa. Clin Exp Allergy. 2001 Jan;31(1):32-9. Moodley YP, Lalloo UG. Exhaled nitric oxide is elevated in patients with progressive systemic sclerosis without interstitial lung disease. Chest. 2001 May;119(5):1449-54.
  29. 29. Hnizdo E, Esterhuizen TM, Rees D, Lalloo UG. Occupational asthma as identified by the Surveillance of Work-related and Occupational Respiratory Diseases programme in South Africa. Clin Exp Allergy. 2001 Jan;31(1):32-9.
  30. Lalloo UG, Bateman ED, Feldman C, Bardin PG, Plit M, Irusen EM, O’Brien J. Guideline for the management of chronic asthma in adults–2000 update. South African Pulmonology Society Adult Asthma Working Group. S Afr Med J. 2000 May;90(5 Pt 2):540-1, 544-52.
  31. Lalloo UG, Motala C. Guidelines for the management of chronic asthma in children and adults. S Afr Med J. 2000 May;90(5):488.
  32. Moodley YP, Dorasamy T, Venketasamy S, Naicker V, Lalloo UG. Correlation of CD4:CD8 ratio and tumour necrosis factor (TNF)alpha levels in induced sputum with bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in pulmonary sarcoidosis. Thorax. 2000 Aug;55(8):696-9.
  33. 33. Moodley YP, Krishnan V, Lalloo UG. Neutrophils in induced sputum arise from central airways. Eur Respir J. 2000 Jan;15(1):36-40.
  34. Moodley YP, Chetty R, Lalloo UG. Nitric oxide levels in exhaled air and inducible nitric oxide synthase immunolocalization in pulmonary sarcoidosis. Eur Respir J. 1999 Oct;14(4):822-7.
  35. Lalloo UG. Tobacco Products Control Amendment Bill, 1998. S Afr Med J. 1999 Apr;89(4):356-7.
  36. Jatakanon A, Lalloo UG, Lim S, Chung KF, Barnes PJ. Increased neutrophils and cytokines, TNF-alpha and IL-8, in induced sputum of non-asthmatic patients with chronic dry cough. Thorax. 1999 Mar;54(3):234-7.
  37. Lalloo UG, Lim S, DuBois R, Barnes PJ, Chung KF. Increased sensitivity of the cough reflex in progressive systemic sclerosis patients with interstitial lung disease. Eur Respir J. 1998 Mar;11(3):702-5.
  38. Randolph BW, Lalloo UG, Gouws E, Colvin MS. An evaluation of the respiratory health status of automotive spray-painters exposed to paints containing hexamethylene di-isocyanates in the greater Durban area. S Afr Med J. 1997 Mar;87(3):318-23.
  39. Lalloo UG, Barnes PJ, Chung KF. Pathophysiology and clinical presentations of cough. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1996 Nov;98(5 Pt 2):S91-6; discussion S96-7. Review.
  40. 40. Chung KF, Lalloo UG. Diagnosis and management of chronic persistent dry cough. Postgrad Med J. 1996 Oct;72(852):594-8. Review.
  41. Fox AJ, Lalloo UG, Belvisi MG, Bernareggi M, Chung KF, Barnes PJ. Bradykinin-evoked sensitization of airway sensory nerves: a mechanism for ACE-inhibitor cough. Nat Med. 1996 Jul;2(7):814-7.
  42. White NW, Hanley JH, Lalloo UG, Becklake MR. Review and analysis of variation between spirometric values reported in 29 studies of healthy African adults. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1994 Aug;150(2):348-55. Review.
  43. Chua TP, Lalloo UG, Worsdell MY, Kharitonov S, Chung KF, Coats AJ. Airway and cough responsiveness and exhaled nitric oxide in non-smoking patients with stable chronic heart failure. Heart. 1996 Aug;76(2):144-9.
  44. Lalloo UG, Fox AJ, Belvisi MG, Chung KF, Barnes PJ. Capsazepine inhibits cough induced by capsaicin and citric acid but not by hypertonic saline in guinea pigs. J Appl Physiol. 1995 Oct;79(4):1082-7.
  45. Cassim KM, Lalloo UG. Controversial aspects of intravenous corticosteroids in acute severe asthma. S Afr Med J. 1994 Jan;84(1):2-3.
  46. Lalloo UG, Coovadia YM, Adhikari M, Poyiadji O. Listeria monocytogenes meningitis at King Edward VIII Hospital, Durban. A 10-year experience, 1981-1990. S Afr Med J. 1992 Feb 15;81(4):187-9. Lalloo UG, Cooper K, Irusen EM, le Roux BT, Jogessar VB. Lymphomatoid granulomatosis. A report of 4 cases. S Afr Med J. 1991 Mar 2;79(5):274-8.
  47. Lalloo UG, Becklake MR, Goldsmith CM. Effect of standing versus sitting position on spirometric indices in healthy subjects. Respiration. 1991;58(3-4):122-5.
  48. Becklake MR, Lalloo U. The ‘healthy smoker’: a phenomenon of health selection? Respiration. 1990;57(3):137-44. Review.
  49. Wright DK, Lalloo UG, Nayiager S, Govender P. Autonomic nervous system dysfunction in severe tetanus: current perspectives. Crit Care Med. 1989 Apr;17(4):371-5. Review.
  50. Cooper K, Lalloo UG, Naran HK. Cerebral blastomycosis. A report of 2 cases. S Afr Med J. 1988 Nov 19;74(10):521-4.
  51. Quinlan DJ, Moodley J, Lalloo UG, Nathoo BC. Guillain-Barre syndrome in pregnancy. A case report. S Afr Med J. 1988 May 21;73(10):611-2.
  52. Ehrlich RI, Gerston KF, Lalloo UG. Accelerated silicosis in a foundry shotblaster. A case report. S Afr Med J. 1988 Jan 23;73(2):128-30.